Volksrepubliek China is opgericht op 1 oktober 1949. En dat betekent in China dat er ceremonies, plechtigheden en feest plaats zal vinden. Voor China is dit een Nationale feestdag. En zullen ze van 01-10-2019 tot 07-10-2019 gesloten zijn. De meeste werkzaamheden worden 08-10-2019 direct weer opgepakt. Maar let op als importeur dat er een week vertraging kan zitten in jouw bestelling. Heb je datums te halen in productie of levering is het belangrijk hier rekening mee te houden.
The PRC (People’s Republic of China) was founded on October 1, 1949, with a ceremony celebrating the forming of the Central People’s Government taking place in Tiananmen Square on the same day that year. The first public parade of the new People’s Liberation Army took place there, following the address by the country’s first Chairman Mao Zedong officially declaring the formal establishment of the Republic. The Central People’s Government passed the Resolution on the National Day of the People’s Republic of China on December 2, 1949, and declared that October 1 is the National Day.
The National Day marks the start of the only Golden Weeks in the PRC that the government has kept. Removing one of the Golden Weeks caused controversies when it happened in 2007.
The National Day is celebrated throughout mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau with a variety of government-organized festivities, including fireworks and concerts, as well as sports events and cultural events. Public places, such as Tiananmen Square in Beijing, are decorated in a festive theme. Portraits of revered leaders, such as Mao Zedong, are publicly displayed. The holiday is also celebrated by many overseas Chinese.
Wreath-laying ceremony at the Monument to the People’s Heroes
From 2004 to 2013, a national wreath-laying ceremony was held on National Day in Tiananmen Square following the flag raising ceremony on years with no parades, with the ceremony focused on the Monument to the People’s Heroes, built in 1958 in remembrance of the millions of Chinese who perished during the long years of national struggle. Beginning in 2014, they have been held on a new holiday, National Memorial Day, set on the eve of National Day, September 30, and is presided by the President of the People’s Republic of China and other party and state leaders.
National flag raising ceremony
For many years, the 6am National Day flag raising ceremony is the more important act on years without any anniversary parades. Held at the Tiananmen Square, since 2017 the Beijing Garrison Honor Guard Battalion’s Color Guard Company is present for the ceremony with the National Marching Band of the PLA, until 2016 the Beijing People’s Armed Police units provided men for the ceremonial color guard. The ceremony is open to the general public and tourists and is widely televised.
National civil-military parade
The biannual civil-military parade of the People’s Liberation Army, People’s Armed Police and the Militia together with representatives of the people of all walks of life, which was a feature of the day since the first parade of 1949, and is also televised on China Central Television since 1984 (and broadcast around the world from that year as well via satellite and cable television), is a key highlight of the national celebrations in Beijing. Since the parade of 1950, parades have been held on the city’s Tiananmen Square to mark the anniversary of the official foundation of the PRC and today these have been held every 10th year (a format which began in 1999 to mark the golden jubilee anniversary of nationhood), formerly there were yearly parades held until 1959 and parades were also held in 1964, 1966, 1969, 1970 and 1984.
The parade is presided by the President of the People’s Republic in his political duty as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and constitutional mandate as both the supreme commander of the PLA and chairman of the Central Military Commission, since 1984 he has also inspected the parade in person. The parade commander is a general officer of the PLA with the rank of Lieutenant General or Major General, with the position of commander of the Central Theater Command or as a high ranking member of the CMC’s present 15 departments. Until 1959, during the years that the parade was held in a nationalized form of the Soviet tradition, the parade was inspected by the Minister of National Defense, a high-ranking billet occupied by either a General or (before 1984) a Marshal. The event’s master of ceremonies has either been the Party Committee Secretary of Beijing or a high ranking member of the Central Committee, CPC.